OUAGADOUGOU, BURKINA FASO
In 2005, Ouagadougou’s Municipality donated a 1,600 sqm site to Voix de Femmes, a local NGO defending Women’s Rights. AIDOS—an Italian NGO fighting for women’s sexual and reproductive rights and health rights in the global South—brought funding from the European Community and the Italian Democratic party to build a counseling and educational center.
FARE studio designed the Center and supervised the construction work pro-bono. It includes training facilities in which the local NGO Voix de Femmes raises legal and sexual awareness and support facilities where Voix de Femmes provides health screenings and psychological help.
WOMENS’ RIGHTS & FGM
The reduction of Female Genital Mutilations (FGM) in the neighborhood was among the expected outcomes of the Center’s services. FGM is the ritual removal of some external female genitalia. According to UNICEF, 76 percent of women in Burkina Faso aged 15-49 have undergone FGM. The majority of the girls undergo FGM before the age of five, with prevalence ranging from 22 percent to 87 percent depending on ethnicity.
The practice is rooted in gender inequality, attempts to control women’s sexuality, and ideas about purity, modesty, and beauty. It is usually initiated and carried out by women who fear that their daughters and granddaughters will suffer social exclusion if they refuse the mutilation. FGM causes long-term severe physical and psychological health consequences, including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and reduced sexual desire and satisfaction. Higher neonatal deaths occur among babies born to mothers who have experienced FGM, and mothers can experience obstetric complications.
Project Architect: Riccardo Vannucci
Project Team: Giuseppina Forte, Joao Sobral, Erika Trabucco with Emanuela Valle
Clients: AIDOS (Associazione Italiana Donne per lo Sviluppo)
Local NGO: Voix des Femmes
Project Management: Clara Caldera, Paola Cirillo, Elena Bonometti, Sophie Sedgho
Site Suervision: Erika Trabucco, Joao Sobral
Financial Promoters: Partito dei Democratici di Sinistra, European Commission
- 2010 Aga Khan Award for Architecture, Finalist project
- 2010 Zumtobel Award for Humanity in the Built Environment, Special mention
- 2009 Barbara Cappochin International Biennale Architecture Prize, Honorable Mention
- 2009 International Architecture Awards, Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Architecture and Design, European Center for Architecture and Urban Studies, Winner
- 2008 World Architecture Festival, Health Category, Winner
- Brooks, E. “Time to heal, an injection of design could be the stimulus Africa needs to improve its health condition.” World Health Design, 2 (2009): 34-35
- Ciavoni, C. “In Burkina Faso un Centro italiano per le donne.” Il Venerdì di Repubblica (2008): 26.
- Chionne, R., Chiorino, C., Milan, L. “Comunicare l’architettura.” Specchio, Il Mensile de La Stampa, 573 (2008): 130-137.
- FARE. “Women’s health centre in Burkina Faso.” Space, 501 (2009): 110-115.
- FARE. “FARE, Centro de Bem-Estar para Mulheres CBF, Ouagadougou.” arq|a (arquitectura e arte), 69 (2009): 44-49.
- FARE. “Une architecture integrée en Afrique.” Vies de Villes (Architecture, Urbanisme et Societé), 11 (2009): 42-45. FARE. “Al centro donne e ambiente In Burkina Faso.” L’Arca, 242 (2008): 98.
- FARE. “African women’s health centre.” Architectural Creativity, 4 (2008): 76-78.
- Griginis, A. – Guglielmino, D. -“Festival dell’architettura. Quaranta idee per progettare sostenibile: la testimonianza italiana a Londra.” Modulo, 346 (2008): 1153-1157.
- Minervini, C. “In the country of the ‘barefoot’ architects.” Il Giornale dell’Architettura, UIA 2008 special daily edition (1st of July 2008): 11.
- Prestinenza Puglisi, L. “Burkina Faso, la mission di FARE: «Qualità con budget al minimo».” Edilizia e Territorio – Progetti e Concorsi, 6 (2008): 5.
- Ramanathan, R. -“Send the WAF.” HINGE magazine, 163 (2009): 71.
- Sliwka, R. -“The gathering place.” Azure (2008): 48.
- Tombesi, P. -“Far di necessità virtù.” Il Giornale dell’Architettura, 62 (2008): 28.
- Trabucco, E. “Sense of belonging.” World Health Design, 2 (2009): 42-43.
- Zobaran, S. “Pelo Bem.” Casa Vogue, 288 (2009): 2-3.